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Punjab sees increase in percentage of anaemic and obese in 5 years | Chandigarh News



CHANDIGARH: People of Punjab are not in the pink of their health, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS). There has been a rise in the percentage of those who are anaemic both among children and adults as well as increase in obesity in the last five years.
Almost all the indicators pertaining to the nutritional status of adults and anaemia among the population have deteriorated since the fourth round of the NFHS held in 2015-16.
The Union health ministry released the factsheet fieldwork of which was conducted from January 5, 2020, to March 21, 2020, prior to the lockdown and from December 6, 2020, to March 31, 2021 post-lockdown.
As per the report, the percentage of women in the age group of 15-29 years who are obese or overweight has increased from 31.3% five years ago to 40.8% in 2020-21 while the weight of 32.2% of men have been found ato be bove the advisable limits in comparison to 27.8% in 2015-16.
In this age group, 72.8% of women have been found with high-risk waist-to-hip ratio, which indicates abdominal obesity and pose a risk of hypertension, noninsulin-dependent diabetes, and stroke while the percentage of such men stands at 63.1%.
Below normal body mass index (BMI) was found in 12.7% of women in comparison to 11.7% in 2015-16 while 12.5% of men were found not meeting the norms.
The data revealed that the number of anaemic children in the 6-59 months bracket jumped from 56.6% to 71.1%. Anaemia refers to a health condition in which the blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells. The percentage of nonpregnant women aged 15-49 falling in this category increased from 54% to 58.8% while in the case of pregnant women the count rose to 51.7 % from 42% in the last survey.
A significant drop has been noted in the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among those aged 15-49. Only 20.6% of women were found to be having comprehensive knowledge of the deadly diseases in comparison to 49.3% five years ago while in the case of men, knowledge dropped from 62.3% to 37.6 % in the latest survey.
Women who knew the advantage of the use of condoms had dropped from 87.7% to 68.1% while in the case of men a drop from 94.2% to 86.4% was noted.
High blood sugar levels were found among adults. Among women, 5.8% had high and 8% had very high levels while in men 6.3% had high and 7% had very high blood sugar levels. Similarly, 31.2% of women and 37.7% of men had elevated blood pressure.
Terming it as a matter of concern, professor of population studies, Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID), Chandigarh, Aswini Kumar Nanda stated that the data points to the unwelcoming effects of modernisation. The findings of the survey speak about the nature of the development state is going through.
Punjab is one of the most urbanised states in the country and the urban lifestyle has penetrated into rural lifestyle.

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